Nineteenth Century America

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The Market Revolution and Jacksonian Democracy

The Market Revolution

  • Johnson, Paul. A Shopkeeper’s Millennium: Society and Revivals in Rochester, New York, 1815-1837.
  • North, Douglass. Economic Growth of the United States, 1790-1860.
  • Sellers, Charles. The Market Revolution: Jacksonian America, 1815-1846.
  • Stokes, Melvin, ed. The Market Revolution.

Labor, Race, and Gender

  • Boydston, Jeanne. Home & Work: Housework, Wages, and the Ideology of Labor in the Early Republic.
  • Cott, Nancy. The Bonds of Womanhood.
  • Horton, James O. Free People of Color: Inside the African American Community.
  • Roediger, David. The Wages of Whiteness.
  • Wilentz, Sean. Chants Democratic.


  • Hofstadter, Richard. The American Political Tradition.
  • Kohl, Lawrence. The Politics of Individualism: Parties and the American Character in the Jacksonian Era.
  • Schlesinger, Arthur. The Age of Jackson.
  • Wallace, Anthony. The Long Bitter Trail: Andrew Jackson and the Indians.
  • Watson, Harry. Liberty and Power.

Slavery and Sectional Conflict


  • Anbinder, Tyler Gregory. Nativism and slavery: the northern Know Nothings and the politics of the 1850's.
  • Foner, Eric. Free Soil, Free Labor, Free Men.
  • Litwack, Leon. North of Slavery: The Negro in the Free States, 1790-1860.
  • Stewart, James. Holy Warriors: The Abolitionists and American Slavery.
  • Walters, Ronald. American Reformers, 1815-1860.


  • Ford, Lacy. The Origins of Southern Radicalism.
  • Fox-Genovese, Elizabeth. Within the Plantation Household: Black and White Women of the Old South.
  • Genovese, Eugene. The Political Economy of Slavery: Studies in the Economy and Society of the Slave South.
  • Genovese, Eugene. Roll, Jordan, Roll.
  • Gray-White, Deborah. Arn’t I a Woman: Female Slaves in the Plantation South.
  • Johnson, Walter. Soul by Soul.
  • Kolchin, Peter. American Slavery, 1619-1877.
  • Oakes, James. The Ruling Race: A History of American Slaveholders.
  • Rothman, Adam. Slave Country.
  • Stampp, Kenneth. The Peculiar Institution: Slavery in the Antebellum South.

Civil War, Reconstruction, and the New South

Causes, Fighting, and Winning of the Civil War

  • Berlin, Ira et al. Slaves No More: Three Essays on Emancipation and the Civil War.
  • Boritt, Gabor. Why the Confederacy Lost.
  • Cox, LaWanda. Lincoln and Black Freedom: A Study in Leadership.
  • Faust, Drew Gilpin. Mothers of Invention.
  • Fredrickson, George. The Inner Civil War: Northern Intellectuals and the Crisis of the Union.
  • Levine, Bruce. Half Slave, Half Free: The Roots of Civil War.
  • McPherson, James. What They Fought For, 1861-1865.
  • Potter, David. The Impending Crisis, 1848-1861.
  • Thomas, Emory. The Confederacy as a Revolutionary Experience.

Reconstruction and the New South

  • Foner, Eric. Reconstruction.
  • Foner, Eric. Nothing But Freedom: Emancipation and its Legacy.
  • Hahn, Steven. The Roots of Southern Populism: Yeoman Farmers and the Transformation of the Georgia Upcountry, 1850-1890.
  • Holt, Thomas. Black Over White: Negro Political Leadership in South Carolina During Reconstruction.
  • McKittrick, Eric. Andrew Johnson and Reconstruction.
  • Woodward, C. Vann. Origins of the New South.

Gilded Age: Industrialism, Expansion and its Discontents

  • Beckert, Sven. The Monied Metropolis: New York City and the Consolidation of the American Bourgeoisie 1850-1896.
  • Chandler, Alfred Dupont. The visible hand: the managerial revolution in American business.
  • Gutman, Herbert. Work, Culture and Society in Industrializing America: Essays in American Working Class History.


  • Limerick, Patricia Nelson. The Legacy of Conquest: The Unbroken Past of the American West.
  • LaFeber, Walter. The New Empire: An Interpretation of American Expansion, 1860-1898.
  • Stephanson, Anders. Manifest Destiny: American Expansionism and the Empire of Right.
  • Turner, Frederick Jackson “Significance of the Frontier in American History.”

Intellectual Currents

  • Higham, John. Strangers in the Land: Patterns of American Nativism, 1860-1925.
  • Frederickson, George. Black Image in the White Mind.
  • John Sproat, The Best Men.
  • Meier, August. Negro Thought in America 1880-1915.


  • McMath, Robert C. American Populism: A Social History, 1877-1898.
  • Rosenzweig, Roy. Eight Hours for What We Will.
  • Fink, Leon. Workingmen’s Democracy: The Knights of Labor and American Politics.
  • Goodwyn, Lawrence. Democratic Promise: The Populist Moment in America.
  • Sanders, Elizabeth. Roots of Reform: Farmers, Workers, and the American State 1877-1917.